During the Puritan era in London, Baptists and Calvinists alike often found themselves expelled from the corporate gatherings of the sanctioned churches. Those who were called to the ministry would occasionally start their own churches, but for the lay people the problem was severe. How could they receive biblical teaching, gospel preaching, and fellowship when the churches they attended did not teach a real gospel?
Many leaders responded by holding informal gatherings around London. These meetings were relatively small, usually at 7 am, and almost always in public places. They lasted for an hour, with the time split between prayer and preaching. Over time, the Cripplegate—one of the most notable gates in London—became the main but unofficial location for what came to be known as “morning exercises.”
The Cripplegate had a consistent leadership, but it also would feature guest appearances from notable men. John Milton, John Foxe, Oliver Cromwell, John Bunyan, Richard Baxter, William Cooper, Stephen Charnock, John Owen, Thomas Manton, Thomas Vincent, Thomas Watson, and Matthew Poole all at some point led the morning exercises at the Cripplegate.
These gatherings ebbed and flowed through the years, and the Cripplegate meetings were at their pinnacle from under the reign of Charles II, from 1660-1685. But with changing kings and the introduction of relative religious freedom in England, the morning exercises eventually became unnecessary, as the gospel began to return to the churches. Eventually, the Cripplegate’s morning exercises were returned to the confines of churches.
Centuries later, students from the pastor’s college led by Spurgeon resurrected the morning exercises. They took to gathering at the Cripplegate before class to not only imitate the morning exercises of the puritans, but also as a place to discuss and debate contemporary issues in theology. In that sense, it was a sort of 19th century blog. For them it became not a place of prayer and preaching, but a gathering place for like-minded students to have edifying conversations about theology and ministry.
The Cripplegate was destroyed by German bombing in WWII. Today there is a church nearby, St. Giles-without-Cripplegate, with the graves and busts of some of those who taught at the original morning exercises.
This blog is a small attempt to continue the tradition that these men started by giving a place for like-minded Christians and pastors to share their thoughts about ministry, theology, and issues that affect the church today, in a way that will bring encouragement and clarity to those that read it.